In 1926 the first radio station began broadcasting in the area of Zagreb, and in 1947 opened Zagreb Fair. After the Second World War, the area between the railway and the Sava river pochtsvstvovala new construction boom. Since the mid-1950s construction of new residential areas to the south of the Sava River has led to rasshmreniyu Zagreb in the southern and easterly direction. Zheleznadorozhny station and international airport were built in the south of the Sava river. In 1987 Zagreb hosted the Summer Universiade. In 1991, Zagreb became the capital of Yugoslavia. During the Croatian War of independence (1991-1995) was the scene of Zagreb deysvy military, but it is certainly avoid heavy damage. In May 1995, Zagreb, was shot Serbian artillery.
A consequence of this has been killing seven civilians. Zagreb – the largest city in Croatia, and is the only Croatian city whose population exceeds one million. 2001 census counted 779,145 residents, although by 2006 the number rose to 784 900. In 2007 this number had increased to approximately 1.2 million. Most citizens of the Croats, who make up 91.94% of the population. 40 066 inhabitants belong to ethnic minorities.
These ethnic minorities include Serbs, 18 811 (2.41%), 6204 Bosniaks (0.80%), 4030 Muslim nationality (0.52%), 3389 Albanians (0.43%), 3225 Slovenes (0.41%), Roma 1946 (0.25%), 1131 Montenegrins (0.17%), 1315 Macedonians (0.17%) and others. Main grown produce: electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing fabric. Zagreb – International Trade Center, and yavlyaetsya transport artery of Central and Eastern Europe. According to the constitution, the city of Zagreb has a special status of Zagreb – Center of the five major Croatian highways. Until recently, all Croatian motorway or started, or ended in Zagreb. In 2007 Zagreb boasts seven bridges over the river and two bridges Savu.Est rail through Sava. The role of public transport in the city operates trams and avtobusay. There's also a funicular to the historic district. Taxi dostatono available, although prices are slightly higher than in other cities. The city has an extensive tram network with 15-day and 4 night lines, which cover most of the city. The first streetcar line was opened on September 5, 1891. Trams usually travel at speeds of 25-50 km / h, but slowed down during rush hour. Zagreb Airport, known as 'Pleso Airport' is the main Croatian international airport. Airport – the main Croatian airbase also. The city has 136 primary schools and 100 secondary schools, including 30 schools and 5 higher education institutions and 9 private professional higher schools education. Founded in 1669, University of Zagreb is the oldest in Croatia and one of the largest and oldest universities in the south-eastern Europe. Numerous museums in Zagreb, perfectly illustrate the history, art and culture not only of Zagreb and Croatia but also in Europe and the world. A collection of the Archaeological Museum composes almost 400 000 different exhibits and memorials. Croatian Natural History Museum contains one of the most important collections in World settlements neandertaltsevyu.V museums of Technology (founded in 1954) kept the oldest machine, which datiruetsya 1830. Museum of the City of Zagreb was established in 1907. It is a restored monumental complex former nunnery. Museum of Applied Art was founded in 1880 with the intent to preserve works of art and craft. Valuable historical collections are located also in the Croatian school museum, Croatian Hunting Museum and others. More information HERE